2020, January 1st – 5th
1. Kerala became 1st State to pass resolution against CAA
· Kerala became the 1st state in the country to pass a resolution against the Citizenship Amendment Act.
· The resolution was moved by Kerala’s Chief Minister PinarayeeVijayan and was seconded by the Leader of Opposition Ramesh Chennithala.
· Several other chief ministers of West Bengal, Punjab, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Delhi have also announced for not implementing CAA in their states.
2. Railways renames RPF as Indian Railway Protection Force Service
· The Indian Railways has renamed its security force RPF (Railway Protection Force) as Indian Railway Protection Force Service.
· The ministry has accorded organised Group A status to RPF and renamed it.
· The Railway Protection Force (RPF) is a security force, enacted by the Indian Parliament for “the better protection and security of railway property”.
· The force is under the authority of the Indian Ministry of Railways.
3. UPSRTC launched ‘Damini’ helpline service for women
· UPSRTC (Uttar Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation) has launched ‘Damini’ helpline service considering the safety of the women passengers.
· As the extension of ‘NirbhayaYojana’ the unique number “81142-77777” has been subscribed for this helpline.
· Using these helpline women passengers can lodge their complaints by calling the helpline number and by using WhatsApp service.
4. ‘Lai Haraoba’ ritualistic festival begins in Tripura
· In Tripura, Lai Haraoba, a ritualistic festival observed by Manipuri meitei communities began in Agartala.
· The 5-day long festival is jointly organised by the Department of Information and Cultural Affairs, Government of Tripura, Puthiba Lai Haraoba Committee and Puthiba Welfare & Cultural Society, Agartala.
· Lai Haraoba is celebrated through oral literature, music, dance and rituals.
· A cultural troupe from Manipur has also come to take part in the festival.
· They will be performing various cultural and traditional musical skits including Manipuri martial arts, folk music and folk dances during the festival.
5. Indore tops national cleanliness rankings for first two quarters
· The Union Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) has announced the results of the 1st and 2nd quarters of the SwachhSurvekshan 2020.
· The rankings were conducted in a league format for the first time and were split into three quarters (April to June, July to September and October to December 2019) and different categories based on the population of the city.
6. NITI Aayog releases SDG India Index and Dashboard 2019
· NITI Aayog has released the 2nd edition of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) India Index. According to the SDG India Index, India’s composite score has improved from 57 in 2018 to 60 in 2019.
· India is the first country in the world with a government-led, sub-national measure of progress on Sustainable Development Goals.
· The SDG India Index 2019 tracks progress of all States and UTs on 100 indicators drawn from the MoSPI’s National Indicator Framework (NIF). The SDG India Index has been developed in collaboration with the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI), United Nations in India, and Global Green Growth Institute.
· The Index spans 16 out of 17 SDGs with a qualitative assessment on Goal 17. This marks an improvement over the 2018 Index, which covered only 13 goals.
7. Bengaluru will host the 107th edition of the Indian Science Congress
· Bengaluru will host the 107th edition of the Indian Science Congress. It will be the ninth time the city will host the annual convention. University of Agricultural Sciences (UAS), Bengaluru will host the event.
· The congress has chosen ‘science and technology: rural development’ as its theme for the 107th edition. A Farmer’s Science Congress will take part in it for the first time, hence providing a platform for innovative farmers.
· There will also be a ‘Women’s Science Congress’, ‘Children’s Science Congress’, ‘Science Communicator’s Meet’, and ‘Science Exhibition: Pride of India’. The convention will see the participation of over 15,000 delegates, including 8,000 students from across the country and 74 scientists from abroad.
8. Political Parties Registration Tracking Management System launched by EC
· The Election Commission of India has launched a Political Parties Registration Tracking Management System (PPRTMS). The system enables the applicants to track the status of the applications for the party registration.
· The Commission has also amended the guidelines for registration which came into force from 1st January 2020. Under the new guidelines, the applicants applying for the party registration from 1st of January 2020 will be able to track the progress of applications and will get the status through SMS and e-mail.
· An association seeking registration has to submit an application to the Commission within a period of 30 days from the date of its formation. This should be done as per the guidelines prescribed by the Commission in exercise of the powers conferred by Article 324 of the Constitution of India and Section 29A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951.
· The status can be tracked through the Commission’s portal “pprtms.eci“.
9. ISRO will set up launch port for small satellite launch vehicles
· The ISRO Chairman announced that the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) will establish a 2nd launch port in Thoothukodi district in Tamil Nadu.
· This launch port will be used exclusively to launch small satellite launch vehicles. The launch port will be established in 2300 acres. He announced that the process of Astronaut selection is over for India’s 1st manned mission to outer space i.e. “Gaganyaan” to be launched by 2022.
· The ISRO Chairman also announced that the Government has approved the Chandrayaan–3 mission to the moon, comprising of a lander and a rover.
10. V K Yadav to lead Railway Board for 1 more year
· The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet has approved the re-employment of V K Yadav as the Chairman of Railway Board. The appointment has been done for a period of one year.
· He took over as Railway Board Chairman from AshwaniLohani on January 1, 2019. He has also held the post of General Manager of South Central Railway (SCR).
· He is an electrical engineer and belongs to the 1980 batch of the Indian Railway Service of Electrical Engineers.
11. MEA sets up new emerging and strategic technologies (NEST)
· The External affairs ministry announced the setting up of new emerging and strategic technologies (NEST) division.
· The division will work to increase investment coordination among the states of the country and also with the foreign countries.
· NEST will act as the nodal division within the ministry for issues pertaining to new and emerging technologies.
· It will help in collaboration with foreign partners in the field of 5G and artificial intelligence.
· The division will also hold responsibility for matters that involve negotiations with multilateral fora like the United Nations, G20.
12. Gujarat CM unveils world’s 2nd tallest statue of SardarVallabhbhai Patel
· Gujarat Chief Minister Vijay Rupani unveils world’s 2nd tallest statue of SardarVallabhbhai Patel in the world at Ahmedabad.
· 50 feet tall bronze statue with a weight of 70 thousand kilograms has been unveiled at the Sardardham campus near Vaishnodevi Circle in Ahmedabad.
· The statue of Sardar Patel has also been designed by Padma Bhusan Ram V. Sutar, the same sculptor who had designed the Statue of Unity.
13. ‘Cyber Safe Women’ initiative launched by Maharashtra Govt
· Maharashtra Government has launched a ‘Cyber Safe Women’ initiative under which awareness camps will be held across all the districts of the state regarding cyber safety.
· The initiative will help in educating women about how the web is used by anti-social elements and child predators to commit various types of crimes.
14. KVIC opens 1st silk processing plant in Gujarat
· The Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) opened its first “Patola Saree” silk processing plant at Surendranagar in Gujarat.
· The aim of the plant is to make silk readily available to Patola saree manufacturers to boost its production.
· Patola is the trademark saree of Gujarat.
· They are highly expensive and were once worn only by royal aristocratic families. With the new plant, the comedown.
· The Patola silk was founded by the Salvi caste (Scheduled) in the states of Maharashtra and Karnataka who moved to Gujarat in the 12th century.
1. GOI signed MoU with Flipkart under DAY-NULM scheme
· Government of India signed MoU with Flipkart for selling the products made by women self-help groups under DeendayalAntyodayaYojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM) on the e-commerce platform.
· Under the DeendayalAntyodayaYojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM), self-help groups consisting of 44 lakh women have been working across the country, a move aimed at making women financially independent.
2. “MANI” to help visually challenged to identify currency notes
· The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has launched a mobile app “Mobile Aided Note Identifier (MANI)”. The visually challenged people can identify the denomination of a currency note by using the mobile app “MANI”.
· The application also works offline once installed. The application scans the currency notes using the camera of the mobile phone and also gives audio output in Hindi and English. The app does not authenticate a note as either genuine or counterfeit.
1. Iran’s Gen QassemSoleimani killed in US airstrike on Baghdad airport
· Iran’s top commander General QassimSoleimani has been killed in a U.S. drone strike in Baghdad.
· Soleimani, who led a special forces unit of Iran’s elite Revolutionary Guards, has been a key figure of Iranian and the Middle East politics.
· His death exacerbated already-high tensions between Iran and the United States and triggered concerns of retaliation from Iranian forces.
· After the news of Soleimani’s death, oil prices jumped more than 4% and fuelling fears of a conflict in the crude-rich region.
2. Nepal launches ‘Visit Nepal Year 2020’ campaign
· President of Nepal launched the “Visit Nepal Year 2020” during the ceremony held at historic DasarathaRangashala in Kathmandu. Mythical creature Yeti has been selected as mascot of the campaign.
· The ambitious campaign is aimed to promote tourism in Nepal and to attract 2 million tourists in 2020. The Visit Nepal 2020 campaign was launched in all the seven provinces of Nepal.
· Nepal is one of the World’s fascinating tourist destination and the government has a goal of making tourism one of the key pillars of the Nepali economy.
3. UmaroCissokoEmbalo wins Guinea-Bissau presidential election
· UmaroCissokoEmbalo has won the Guinea-Bissau‘s presidential election. According to the National Electoral Commission of Guinea-Bissau, Umaro won the presidential election with 53.55% of votes. He will replace the incumbent President Jose Mario Vaz.
4. Iran names EsmailQaani as new Commander
· Iran’s supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei named the Deputy Head of the Revolutionary Guards’ foreign operations arm EsmailQaani to replace QasemSoleimani as its commander.
· Soleimani was killed in a pre-dawn US strike in Baghdad.
· Qaani was one of the most decorated commanders of the Guards during the 1980-88 Iran-Iraq war.
5. WHO designated 2020 as “Year of Nurse and Midwife”
· In the honour of 200th birth anniversary of Florence Nightingale, the World Health Organization designated the year 2020 as the “Year of Nurse and Midwife”.
· This year, WHO is to focus on nursing and midwifery in order to achieve Universal Health Coverage.
· The organization is leading the development of “World Nursing Report” that is to be launched in 2020.
· The report is first of its kind. The year is being dedicated to the midwifery as well as WHO is also a partner of The State of the World’s Midwifery Campaign.
1. National Ice Hockey Championship-2020 begins in Leh
· The 5th Ice Hockey Association of India (IHAI) National Ice Hockey Championship -2020 has begun in Leh, Ladakh.
· The tournament will continue till 7th January in Karzoo Ice Hockey Rink in Leh. Where the Army, Chandigarh, Delhi, Haryana, Maharashtra and home team Ladakh are participating for the championship in U-20 boys category.
· In Girls category Ladakh, Maharashtra, Delhi and Chandigarh are playing for the championship. In the inaugural match in Under-20 Boys categories between Chandigarh and Haryana.
2. Lawn bowls & Cycling to be included in 3rd Khelo India Games
· Chief Executive Officer of “Khelo India Games” has announced that “Lawn bowls” and “cycling” will be included in the 3rd edition of Khelo India Games. The two games will be included in the event for the first time. The 3rd edition of the tournament will be held in Guwahati, Assam in January 2020. Athletes from all over the country will be coming to Guwahati for the Khelo India Youth Games.
3. ManavThakkar becomes world no.1 in ITTF rankings
· Indian paddler ManavThakkar became world no.1 in the latest International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF) rankings in the Under-21 men’s singles category.
· With this, Thakkar became the fourth Indian to achieve the feat after Harmeet Desai, G Sathiyan and Soumyajit Ghosh.
· ManavThakkar achieved the top spot after clinching the Under-21 men’s singles title at the ITTF Challenge PlusBenemax-Virgo North American Open in Markham, Canada.
· He was also worlded no. 1 in the Under-18 category in February 2018.
4. India’s MalavathPoorna scales Antarctica’s Highest Peak
· Indian mountaineer MalavathPoorna, the youngest girl to have climbed the world’s highest mountain Mt. Everest 5 years ago, accomplished another feat by conquering Mt. Vinson Massif, Antarctica’s highest mountain peak (4,987 mts).
· With this, the 18-year-old becomes the first and youngest tribal woman in the world to set foot on the six tallest mountain peaks across six continents.
· She has already scaled Mt Everest (Asia, 2014), Mt. Kilimanjaro (Africa, 2016), Mt. Elbrus (Europe, 2017), Mt. Aconcagua (South America, 2019), Mt. Cartsnez (Oceania region, 2019), and now Mt. Vinson Massif (Antarctica, 2019).
Books and Authors
1. 28th World Book Fair to focus on Gandhi as writer
· The annual New Delhi World Book Fair, in its 28th edition, will focus on how Mahatma Gandhi influenced generations of writers through his writings.
· The fair, organised by the National Book Trust (NBT) in association with ITPO, will be inaugurated by Union Human Resource Development (HRD) Minister Ramesh PokhriyalNishank.
· The theme for World Book Fair 2020 is ‘Gandhi: The Writers’ Writer.
· Commemorating the 150th birth anniversary of Gandhi, the theme pavilion, inspired by Sabarmati Ashram, uses hand-spun materials as wall-cladding.
· Besides an exclusive exhibition of 500 books on and by Gandhi in different languages, it will also host 30-panel discussions, book launches and performances related to the theme.
1. Piyuus Jaiswal honoured with Global Bihar Excellence Awards 2019
· Piyuus Jaiswal was awarded the Global Bihar Excellence Award 2019.
· This award was presented by Rajya Sabha MP and Padma Shri Awardee Dr CP Thakur and Bihar Women Commission president Dilmani Devi in Patna to promote women empowerment.
· Piyuus Jaiswal was recently awarded the humanitarian award with the Global Peace Excellence Humanitarian Award 2019 on the occasion of International Human Day.
· The award was given to recognise and felicitate Piyuus Jaiswal’s contribution towards social welfare, women empowerment and introduce new talent in the field of arts and culture.
· 1 January Global Family Day
· 4 January World Braille Day
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